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Thursday, December 17

  1. page Transcription protocol-1 edited ... In one case, I heard a repetition without an intonational distinction, but I resisted characte…
    ...
    In one case, I heard a repetition without an intonational distinction, but I resisted characterizing it as a dysfluency because of the pause, indicated by a comma.
    That’s a, that’s a pity.
    In another case, I conjoined two tokens as one to re-create a phrase-level repetition that lacked an intonational distinction.
    and I try-to try-to read becomes I try-to * read.

    Some dysfluencies incorporated modified repetition of the first syllable's vowel.
    clen-clinic
    ...
    For other unusual pronunciations, I maintained the word form rather than use a narrow transcription. For example Wez-day becomes Wednesday. This allows for word-frequency counts with Wednesday as the sole token.
    Although Tagliamonte here advises against narrow transcription of phatics so that word counts are immune from allophonic differences. I therefore refrained from distinguishing among Uh-huh, Uh-hm, and Uh-hum and used only the first form when transcribing. Nevertheless, when I felt that there was a difference in meaning, I transcribed a vocalic elongation: I distinguished between OK and Oh-kay and between ah and aaah.
    I also ended up withUtterance-initial lower case emphasizes when a distinction between utterance-initial Um and utterance-initial um. The latter represents when one speaker interrupts the other speaker seeminglystarts an utterance mid-sentence. The
    ...
    that I wrote, however,wrote ignores the
    ...
    instance of "um."the same token. Nevertheless, I
    ++Starting from the um you-know when * you got up in the morning to
    --Ah.
    ++um the activities.
    --Everyday, I keep a note diary a memo
    ++Right
    --Yeah. to * not to confuse
    ++Right.
    --uh, everyday life.
    ++OK.

    ++Um. Great. So, um, you recently finished your first assignment, [chatter]
    --Fourth assignment. @@
    (view changes)
  2. page Transcription protocol-1 edited ... ++Sorry, your fourth assignment. Excuse me. --@ ... doing that? Elsewhere, I noted a c…
    ...
    ++Sorry, your fourth assignment. Excuse me.
    --@
    ...
    doing that?
    Elsewhere, I noted a comma at the end of an utterance for what seemed like a pause. That pause lasted long enough for the other speaker to interject a phatic and the first speaker to continue the utterance.
    --So, after the lecture and ah it was a party, so I joined them,
    ...
    --came to the Tokyo.
    (Let's take a look at these phatic-rich interchanges through an aizuchi lens.)
    ...
    to get "thend.thend.
    (Thanks to CM for providing the reference to APPENDIX C. TRANSCRIPTION PROTOCOL. Tagliamonte, Sali A. Last updated on: September 10th, 2004, which auto-magically downloads here.)
    Here is a 2011 transcription protocol from Penn , which addresses dysfluencies/disfluencies, but ends up with coded symbols.
    (view changes)
  3. page Transcription protocol-1 edited ... For other unusual pronunciations, I maintained the word form rather than use a narrow transcri…
    ...
    For other unusual pronunciations, I maintained the word form rather than use a narrow transcription. For example Wez-day becomes Wednesday. This allows for word-frequency counts with Wednesday as the sole token.
    Although Tagliamonte here advises against narrow transcription of phatics so that word counts are immune from allophonic differences. I therefore refrained from distinguishing among Uh-huh, Uh-hm, and Uh-hum and used only the first form when transcribing. Nevertheless, when I felt that there was a difference in meaning, I transcribed a vocalic elongation: I distinguished between OK and Oh-kay and between ah and aaah.
    ...
    a distinction inbetween utterance-initial Um
    ++Starting from the um you-know when * you got up in the morning to
    --Ah.
    ++um the activities.
    (Let's++Um. Great. So, um, you recently finished your first assignment, [chatter]
    --Fourth assignment. @@
    ++Sorry, your fourth assignment. Excuse me.
    --@
    ++Um, and that was showing the American military men [dysfluency-a-] around. Um. How many days were you doing that?
    Elsewhere, I noted a comma at the end of an utterance for what seemed like a pause. That pause lasted long enough for the other speaker to interject a phatic and the first speaker to continue the utterance.
    --So, after the lecture and ah it was a party, so I joined them,
    ++Uh-huh.
    --um at the um at the [dysfluency-a] Assembly-Hall.
    +Uh-huh
    --And there are many ah important people there, some American ambassadors, or ah some actually Diet dieting Diet members,
    ++Oh, really.
    --came to the Tokyo.
    (Let's
    take a look at thatthese phatic-rich interchanges through an
    I could not resist using a narrow transcription for the student who over-generalized the past tense marker with then to get "thend.
    (Thanks to CM for providing the reference to APPENDIX C. TRANSCRIPTION PROTOCOL. Tagliamonte, Sali A. Last updated on: September 10th, 2004, which auto-magically downloads here.)
    (view changes)
  4. page Transcription protocol-1 edited ... ++Teacher's first word of the utterance. {https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9…
    ...
    ++Teacher's first word of the utterance. {https://encrypted-tbn2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcRVLNLh_jXC9mMJxiJm77iuywdcXFTzO5mGBVO95UrPSHKR7jc1} Courtroom equipment gov't photo
    --Student's first word of the utterance.
    Almost all utterances or turns start with an upper-case letter.
    33A third person speaks up.
    00This utterance continues from the previous line because it is beyond 46 words.
    ...
    [chatter] multi-word unintelligible utterance, produced by one or more spakers
    WEDnesday Upper case indicates a louder syllable in the conversation, while still counting the word as a Wednesday token.
    [dysfluency-a-] a-around* repeats the previous token without modification
    [dysfluency-a-]-around
    when partthe speaker repeats a syllable of a word is repeatedword.
    , Comma indicates my impression of a pause. For a more rigorous categorization, I could view the acoustic waveform to measure the existence and length of the putative pause.
    I useTranscription Notes
    I labelled dysfluencies to cull out the extra syllables from word counts and to preserve information for future analysis.
    I used
    an asterisk * notation in an attempt to re-create
    ...
    the transcription. I assert that this particularThis sacrifice of written readability produces what I assert is a more
    ...
    sounding transcript.
    * repeated previous the word or word group without modification
    the

    the
    the next
    ...
    next thing and "I try-to try-to read" becomes "I try-to * read"
    I transcribed
    ...
    characteristic of word-level and phrase-level dysfluencies.
    I guess. I guess you
    OK. OK. Um. OK.
    Diet @ Diet-members
    In one case, I heard a repetition without an intonational distinction, but I resisted characterizing it as a dysfluency because of the pause, indicated by a comma.
    That’s a, that’s a pity.
    Some dysfluencies were unique in this corpus, soIn another case, I did not tryconjoined two tokens as one to categorize them.
    A-a the speaker changed pronunciation when repeating
    re-create a word ([e Ə])Forphrase-level repetition that lacked an intonational distinction.
    and I try-to try-to read becomes I try-to * read.
    Some dysfluencies incorporated modified repetition of the first syllable's vowel.
    clen-clinic
    A-a (in IPA [e Ə])
    For
    other unusual pronunciations, I maintainmaintained the word
    ...
    transcription of phatics,phatics so that word counts are immune from allophonic differences. I did otherwisetherefore refrained from distinguishing among Uh-huh, Uh-hm, and Uh-hum and used only the first form when transcribing. Nevertheless, when I felt that there was a difference in order to focus on utterance-initial phatics. For example,meaning, I distinguishtranscribed a vocalic elongation: I distinguished between OK and Oh-kay;Oh-kay and between ah and aaah. I
    I also
    ended up
    ...
    distinction in utterance-initial Um and um one time becauseutterance-initial um. The latter represents when one speaker interruptedinterrupts the other speaker seemingly mid-sentence. he lower-case Um was a mid-sentence Um. The MS
    ...
    more narrow transcriptionmanner using a
    ++Starting from the um you-know when * you got up in the morning to
    --Ah.
    ++um the activities.
    (Let's take a look at that through an aizuchi lens.)
    ...
    student who repeatedly usedover-generalized the past
    ...
    marker with then"then to get "thend.""thend.
    (Thanks to CM for providing the reference to APPENDIX C. TRANSCRIPTION PROTOCOL. Tagliamonte, Sali A. Last updated on: September 10th, 2004, which auto-magically downloads here.)
    Here is a 2011 transcription protocol from Penn , which addresses dysfluencies/disfluencies, but ends up with coded symbols.
    (view changes)
  5. page Transcription protocol-1 edited ... I-see. You-know a fixed expression in which the verb's functional meaning is figurative; count…
    ...
    I-see. You-know a fixed expression in which the verb's functional meaning is figurative; counts as one token
    [XX] unintelligible
    [chatter] multi-speaker, multi-word unintelligible utteranceutterance, produced by one or more spakers
    WEDnesday Upper case indicates a louder syllable in the conversation, while still counting the word as a Wednesday token.
    [dysfluency-a-] a-around when part of a word is repeated
    (view changes)
  6. page Transcription protocol-1 edited ... I-see. You-know a fixed expression in which the verb's functional meaning is figurative; count…
    ...
    I-see. You-know a fixed expression in which the verb's functional meaning is figurative; counts as one token
    [XX] unintelligible
    [chatter] multi-speaker, multi-word intelligibleunintelligible utterance
    WEDnesday Loudness on an especially stressed syllable That stress-marker of upperUpper case helps re-createindicates a louder syllable in the conversation without disruptingconversation, while still counting the tokenizer, which is case-insensitive.word as a Wednesday token.
    [dysfluency-a-] a-around when part of a word is repeated
    I, Comma indicates my impression of a pause. For a more rigorous categorization, I could view the acoustic waveform to measure the existence and length of the putative pause.
    I
    use an
    ...
    to follow it. Thisthe transcription. I assert that this particular sacrifice
    ...
    written readability allowsproduces a more
    * repeated previous the word or word group without modification
    the the next thing becomes the * next thing and "I try-to try-to read" becomes "I try-to * read"
    I transcribed thusthe following phrases thusly because the repeated words did not sound like false starts because each has a distinct intonation pattern.differ in intonation, lacking the false-start sense characteristic of dysfluencies.
    I guess. I guess you
    OK. OK. Um. OK.
    ...
    @ Diet-members
    In one case,
    I transcribed thuslyheard a repetition without an intonational distinction, but I resisted characterizing it as a dysfluency because of the intonation on the last word group.
    Sometimes, I was unsure of how to transcribe repetitions, so I left them without the *.
    pause, indicated by a comma.
    That’s a, that’s a pity.
    Some dysfluencies were unique in this corpus, so I did not try to categorize them.
    (view changes)
  7. page Transcription protocol-1 edited ... --Student's first word of the utterance. 33A third person speaks up. 00This utterance conti…
    ...
    --Student's first word of the utterance.
    33A third person speaks up.
    00This utterance continuedcontinues from the previous line because it is beyond 46 words. 46 words = longest utterance in Corpus #2.
    @ laugh @@ longer laughter @@@ even longer laughter
    New-Years-Day a group of words thatmulti-word proper noun, which will count as
    ...
    fixed expression thatin which the verb's functional meaning is figurative; counts as one token because the verb
    [XX] unintelligible
    [chatter] multi-word intelligible utterance
    ...
    That’s a, that’s a pity.
    Some dysfluencies were unique in this corpus, so I did not try to categorize them.
    ...
    word ([e Ə])
    For
    Ə])For other unusual pronunciations,
    ...
    for word-frequency counts. The focus of my study is on utterance-initial phatics, so those arecounts with Wednesday as the focus of narrow transcription.
    Although
    sole token.
    Although
    Tagliamonte here
    ...
    of phatics, since they are the focus of my study, I did not limit my transcription.
    I
    otherwise in order to focus on utterance-initial phatics. For example, I distinguish between
    ...
    and aaah.
    I
    I ended up
    ...
    time because aone speaker interrupted the other speaker mid-sentence. Thehe lower-case Um
    ...
    mid-sentence Um. Again, theThe MS Access tokenizer would ignorethat I wrote, however, ignores the distinction, butupper-case, lower-case distinction: each counts as an instance of "um." Nevertheless, I assert that the upper-case, lower case distinction lends authenticity to the transcript, while also preserving information should one later elect to re-analyze the transcript isin a more authentic with the distinction.narrow transcription using a case-sensitive tokenizer.
    ++Starting from the um you-know when * you got up in the morning to
    --Ah, yes.--Ah.
    ++um the activities.
    (Let's take a look at that through an aizuchi lens.)
    ...
    student who added arepeatedly used the past tense marker to "then"with then" to get
    (Thanks to CM for providing the reference to APPENDIX C. TRANSCRIPTION PROTOCOL. Tagliamonte, Sali A. Last updated on: September 10th, 2004, which auto-magically downloads here.)
    Here is a 2011 transcription protocol from Penn , which addresses dysfluencies/disfluencies, but ends up with coded symbols.
    (view changes)
  8. page Transcription protocol-1 edited ... @ laugh @@ longer laughter @@@ even longer laughter New-Years-Day a group of words that count…
    ...
    @ laugh @@ longer laughter @@@ even longer laughter
    New-Years-Day a group of words that count as one lexical item when looking for tokens
    I-see. You-know a fixed expression that counts as one token because the verb
    [XX] unintelligible
    [chatter] multi-word intelligible utterance
    (view changes)

Wednesday, December 16

  1. page aizuchi-Definition edited ... Cf. English "Yeah, yeah", "OK", "got it", "yep", "…
    ...
    Cf. English "Yeah, yeah", "OK", "got it", "yep", "uh-huh" (I modified Wikipedia's list)
    Aizuchi-shmaizuchi, are you out-to-lunch? Americans aren't empathic enough for you? Duh!
    ...
    continue it.
    Bloomfield

    Bloomfield
    in 1984
    ...
    Kockelman in 2003)2003, pp 469-470) maintains that
    http://web.uri.edu/iaics/files/06-Laura-Miller.pdf
    Univ of Rhode Island 1991 paper based on 1988 UCLA dissertation in INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION STUDIES
    (view changes)
  2. page aizuchi edited aizuchi-Definition Publications Examples Aizuchi Examples ++Starting from the um you-know whe…
    aizuchi-Definition
    Publications
    ExamplesAizuchi Examples
    ++Starting from the um you-know when * you got up in the morning to
    --Ah, yes.
    (view changes)

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